Most people don't give a lot of thought to their feet until pain or an injury develop. Although they are designed to bear the weight and force of movement from our bodies as we perform everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs, to working out at the gym or running marathons, the feet and ankles are not immune to injuries. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, ankle sprains and plantar fasciitis are two of the most common orthopedic injuries. Dr. Michael Mitry in Needham, MA, offers a range of podiatry services for bunions and other common foot and ankle issues.
Common Foot and Ankle Problems
Many feet and ankle problems are preventable, but no one is immune to an injury or heel and ankle pain at some point. Conservative treatments like rest and physical therapy are usually effective depending on the issue, but persistent symptoms like pain, swelling and difficulty walking should be evaluated by a podiatrist.
Some of the most common foot and ankle injuries and conditions include:
Bunions (hallux valgus) - A bunion is a joint deformity that causes the metatarsal bone at the base of the big toe to protrude, causing the big toe to shift at an angle in the direction of the other toes. The metatarsal joint becomes inflamed, which causes pain, swelling and even difficulty walking. Anyone can develop a bunion, but some people are more at risk due to genetics and family history. The best way to prevent bunions is to avoid wearing tight, narrow shoes that continually squeeze and put pressure on the toes.
Ankle sprains - Ankle sprains can range in severity from mild to severe, and result from a forceful twisting or rolling motion. Most sprains heal on their own with rest and conservative treatment.
Plantar fasciitis - One of the most common causes of heel pain, plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament that runs the length of the foot from the heel to the ball of the foot.
Heel spurs - Calcium deposits that cause bone protrusions in the heel (often associated with long-term plantar fasciitis).
Ingrown toenails - Ingrown toenails are most common in the big toe (but can develop on any toe). They cause pain, redness and possible infection when the edge of the nail cuts into the skin.
Toenail fungus (onychomycosis) - A common infection that can cause nail thickening and discoloration.
Find a Podiatrist in Needham, MA
For more information on prevention and treatment options for bunions and other foot and ankle problems, contact Advanced Podiatry of Needham by calling (781) 444-4044 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Mitry today.